From Loyalists of the American Revolution, Vol.2, p.416
WHARTON, THOMAS, the elder. Of Pennsylvania. He was a merchant of great wealth and influence, and of the sect of Quakers. In the enterprise of Galloway and Goddard, to establish "The Chronicle," a leading newspaper, he was their partner; and the parties supposed that Franklin, on his return from England, would join them. Previous to the Revolution Franklin and Mr. Wharton were correspondents. In 1774, Washington records that he "dined with Thomas Wharton." In 1777 he was apprehended and sent prisoner to Virginia; and at a subsequent period was proscribed as an enemy to his country, and lost his estate under the Confiscation Acts of Pennsylvania. Thomas Wharton, Jr., was a distinguished Whig, and President of Pennsylvania. In the early part of the controversy, and, indeed, until the time when blood was shed, both acted together, and were members of the same deliberative assemblies and committees.
There are some who believe that the exile of certain Quakers to Virginia was a conspiracy by wealthy merchants to get their hands on the Quakers wealth and that they were unfairly treated because they were Quakers. I have not had time to research this but it is an interesting mystery.
What we do know is that Thomas was a wealthy merchant and was a man of influence in Philadelphia as early as 1762. His name appears as one of the managers of the PA Hospital in 1762 a position he held until 1769 and again 1772-1779. He was also treasurer of the PA Hospital 1769-1772. Silas Dean while in Philadelphia as a delegate to the Congress of 1774 says: "This evening spent at Thomas Wharton's who was extremely civil and complaisant and insisted on our using his horses and carriage while in town or rather his Convenience which is the name of a Friend's or Quaker's Coach."
Born January 15, 1730/31 in Philadelphia , he married Rachel Medcalf November 16, 1752 at Philadelphia Meeting House, Philadelphia, PA. She was born February 21, 1729/30. Together they had nine children most who did not reach adulthood. Of special note: Franklin and Joseph both buried the same day.
Susannah died June 05, 1786 in Philadelphia
Hannah born September 03, 1753, died 1788, m. James Cowles Fisher
Mary born January 22, 1755, m. Owen Jones
Rachel born November 29, 1756, died November 08, 1759
Joseph born 1760, died 1766, buried August 01, 1766
Jacob born 1760, died 1769, buried December 21, 1769
Martha born 1764, died 1784, buried April 07, 1784
Franklin born 1766, died 1766, buried August 01, 1766
William Hudson born 1771, died 1781, buried September 13, 1781